Christians behold the hope of resurrection in the cross. The cross can also stand for nationalist divisions, especially between the Western Church and the Eastern. Orders of crusading knights often devised their own crosses as they set forth to pillage infidels and fellow Christians. The cross also appears in Japanese heraldry where it stands for the four quarters of the earth or the four cardinal directions. Or it merely pleases the eye.
See anchor, SIGNS OF THE CROSS.
Photo: Italian Cemetery, Colma, California
Copyright 1997 by Joel GAzis-SAx